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Pesticides

hand scooping water A pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances used to destroy, suppress or alter the life cycle of any pest. The most common way to classify pesticides is by the target organism, such as herbicides (weed control), fungicides (fungi control) and insecticides (insect control).

Pesticide use in Australia is stringently regulated by State environment protection authorities, food authorities and the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) which is charged with evaluating the safety and performance of all such chemicals sold, registering and de-registering them. APVMA provides extensive advice to the public about pesticides and their safe application.

Although there are important benefits from the proper use of pesticides, like crop protection and prevention of human disease outbreaks, there are also risks associated with contamination of, for example, groundwater and surface-water resources, which can subsequently alter a human and environmental health. More importantly, pesticides are used almost everywhere – not only in agricultural fields, but also in homes, parks, schools, buildings, forests and roads. As a result, pesticides can be found in the air we breathe, the soil we grow crops in, the food we eat and the water we drink.

Pesticides have been linked to a wide range of human health hazards, ranging from short-term impacts to chronic impacts like cancer, reproductive harm and endocrine disruption. Pesticides can also have a dramatic environmental effect, e.g. damage agricultural land by harming beneficial insect species and soil microorganisms, weakening plant root system, harming worms which naturally limit pest population and maintain soil health. As a result it is important to remember every pesticide is toxic if the exposure level is high enough.

NMI's Capabilities

fresh fruitNMI has developed sensitive and highly selective tests for the determination of a large range of environmentally important pesticides at trace levels in water and soil (see the table below). All our test methods have NATA accreditation:

  • test method NR47 uses GC-MS/MS
  • test method NR19 uses GC-ECD and GC-NPD
  • test method NR51 uses UPLC-MS/MS
  • test method NGCMS11.17 uses GC-MS

Sampling requirements:

  • water 200 mL in a glass container cooled to 4 °C
  • soil 20 g in a glass container cooled to 4 °C
  • chlorinated drinking water should be pre-treated with sodium thiosulfate

Holding time:

  • water 7 days
  • soil 14 days

Click here for details of how we test for glyphosate and its derivatives.

For further information please contact customerservice@measurement.gov.au, 1300 722 845 or use our on-line form

 
CAS number
Type of pesticide
NR47
(limit of reporting for water is 0.1 µg/L and soil is 0.1 mg/kg)
NR19
(limit of reporting for water is 0.001–0.1 µg/L and soil is 0.01–0.1 mg/kg)
NR51
(limit of reporting for water is 1–5 µg/L)
NGCMS11.17
(limit of reporting for water is 1 µg/L and soil is 0.1 mg/L)
Acephate
30560-19-1
Herbicide
Yes
Aldicarb
116-06-3
Insecticide
Yes
Aldrin
309-00-2
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Atrazine
1912-24-9
Herbicide
Yes
Yes
Azinphos ethyl
2642-71-9
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Azinphos methyl
86-50-0
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Bensulfuron methyl
83055-99-6
Herbicide
Yes
alpha-BHC
319-84-6
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
beta-BHC
319-85-7
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
delta-BHC
319-86-8
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
gamma-BHC (lindane)
58-89-9
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Bifenthrin
82657-04-3
Insecticide
Yes
Yes
Bioresmethrin
28434-01-7
Insecticide
Yes
Bromacil
314-40-9
Herbicide
Yes
Bromophos ethyl
4824-78-6
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Bupirimate
41483-43-6
Fungicide
Yes
Buprofezin
69327-76-0
Insecticide
Yes
Carbaryl
63-25-2
Insecticide
Yes
Yes
Carbendazim
10605-21-7
Fungicide
Yes
Carbofuran
1563-66-2
Insecticide
Yes
Carbofuran-3-hydroxy
16655-82-6
Insecticide
Yes
Carbophenothion
786-19-6
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
cis-chlordane
5103-71-9
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
trans-chlordane
66514-87-2
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Chlorfenvinphos (E)
18708-86-6
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Chlorfenvinphos (Z)
470-90-8
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Chlorothalonil
1897-45-6
Fungicide
Yes
Chlorpyrifos
2921-88-2
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Chlorpyrifos methyl
5598-13-0
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Chlorsulfuron​ 64902-72-3 ​ Herbicide​ —​ —​ Yes —​​
Chlortoluron
15545-48-9
Herbicide
Yes
Clopyralid
1702-17-6
Herbicide
Yes
Coumaphos
56-72-4
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Cyanazine
21725-46-2
Herbicide
Yes
Cyfluthrin
68359-37-5
Insecticide
Yes
Cyhalothrin
68085-85-8
Insecticide
Yes
Yes
Cypermethrin
52315-07-8
Insecticide
Yes
Yes
Cyprodinil
121552-61-2
Fungicide
Yes
2,4-D
94-75-7
Herbicide
Yes
2,4-DB
94-82-6
Herbicide
Yes
p,p-DDD
72-54-8
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
p,p-DDE
3424-82-6
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
p,p-DDT
50-29-3
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Deltamethrin
52820-00-5
Insecticide
Yes
Yes
Demeton-S-methyl
919-86-8
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Diazinon
333-41-5
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Dicamba
1918-00-9
Herbicide
Yes
Dichlofluanid
1085-98-9
Fungicide
Yes
Dichlorprop
120-36-5
herbicide
Yes
Dichlorvos
62-73-7
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Dicloran
99-30-9
Fungicide
Yes
Dicofol
115-32-2
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Dieldrin
60-57-1
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Difenoconazole
119446-68-3
Fungicide
Yes
Dimethoate
60-51-5
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Dimethomorph
110488-70-5
Fungicide
Yes
Dioxathion
78-34-2
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Diphenylamine
122-39-4
Fungicide
Yes
Diuron
330-54-1
Herbicide
Yes
Yes
alpha-Endosulfan
959-98-8
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
beta-Endosulfan
33213-65-9
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Endosulfan sulfate
1031-07-8
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Endothal
145-73-3
Herbicide
Yes
Endrin
72-20-8
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Endrin aldehyde
7421-93-4
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Endrin ketone
53494-70-5
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Esfenvalerate
66230-04-4
Insecticide
Yes
Ethion
563-12-2
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Fenamiphos
22224-92-6
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Fenarimol
60168-88-9
Fungicide
Yes
Fenchlorphos
299-84-3
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Fenitrothion
122-14-5
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Fenoxycarb
72490-01-8
Insecticide
Yes
Fenthion
55-38-9
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Fenvalerate
51630-58-1
Insecticide
Yes
Yes
Fipronil
120068-37-3
Insecticide
Yes
Flumethrin
69770-45-2
Insecticide
Yes
Fluroxypyr
69377-81-7
Herbicide
Yes
Flusilazole
85509-19-9
Fungicide
Yes
Formothion
2540-82-1
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
HCB
118-74-1
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Heptachlor
76-44-8
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Heptachlor epoxide
1024-57-3
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Hexaconazole
79983-71-4
Fungicide
Yes
Hexazinone
51235-04-2
Herbicide
Yes
Yes
Imazalil
35554-44-0
Fungicide
Yes
Yes
Imazethapyr
81335-77-5
Herbicide
Yes
Imidacloprid
138261-41-3
Insecticide
Yes
Iprodione
36734-19-7
Fungicide
Yes
Isoproturon
34123-59-6
Herbicide
Yes
Linuron
330-55-2
Herbicide
Yes
Yes
Malathion
121-75-5
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
MCPA
94-74-6
Herbicide
Yes
MCPP
93-65-2
Herbicide
Yes
Metalaxyl
57837-19-1
Fungicide
Yes
Yes
Methacrifos
30864-28-9
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Methamidophos
10265-92-6
Insecticide
Yes
Methidathion
950-37-8
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Methomyl
16752-77-5
Insecticide
Yes
Methoprene
40596-69-8
Insecticide
Yes
Methoxychlor
72-43-5
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Metolachlor
51218-45-2
Herbicide
Yes
Yes
Metribuzin
21087-64-9
Herbicide
Yes
Metsulfuron methyl
74223-64-6
Herbicide
Yes
Mevinphos
7786-34-7
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Molinate
2212-67-1
Herbicide
Yes
Monocrotophos
6923-22-4
Insecticide
Yes
Omethoate
1113-02-6
Insecticide
Yes
Oxamyl (thixamyl)
23135-22-0
Insecticide
Yes
Oxychlordane
27304-13-8
Organochlorine pesticide
Yes
Yes
Oxyfluorfen
42874-03-3
Herbicide
Yes
Parathion ethyl
56-38-2
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Parathion methyl
298-00-0
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Penconazole
66246-88-6
Fungicide
Yes
Pendimethalin
40487-42-1
Herbicide
Yes
Permethrin
52645-53-1
Insecticide
Yes
Yes
Phenothrin
73170-79-3
Insecticide
Yes
o-Phenylphenol
90-43-7
Fungicide
Yes
Phorate
298-02-2
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Phosalone
2310-17-0
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Picloram
1918-02-1
Herbicide
Yes
Piperonyl butoxide
51-03-6
Insecticide
Yes
Pirimicarb
23103-98-2
Insecticide
Yes
Yes
Pirimiphos ethyl
23505-41-1
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Pirimiphos methyl
29232-93-7
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Yes
Prochloraz
67747-09-5
Fungicide
Yes
Procymidone
32809-16-8
Fungicide
Yes
Profenophos
41198-08-7
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Prometryn
75635-23-3
Herbicide
Yes
Propargite
2312-35-8
Insecticide
Yes
Propazine
139-40-2
Herbicide
Yes
Propiconazole I
6027-90-1
Fungicide
Yes
Propiconazole II
6027-90-1
Fungicide
Yes
Prothiofos
34643-46-4
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Pyrimethanil
53112-28-0
Fungicide
Yes
Pyriproxyfen
95737-68-1
Insecticide
Yes
Sethoxydim
74051-80-2
Herbicide
Yes
Simazine
122-34-9
Herbicide
Yes
Yes
Sulfometuron methyl​ 74222-97-2​ Herbicide​ —​ —​ Yes​ —​
Sulfosulfuron​ 141776-32-1 ​ Herbicide​​ —​​ —​​ Yes​​​ —​​
2,4,5-T
93-76-5
Herbicide
Yes
Tebuconazole
80443-41-0
Fungicide
Yes
Tebufenpyrad
119168-77-3
Insecticide
Yes
Tebuthiuron
34014-18-1
Herbicide
Yes
Temephos
3383-96-8
Insecticide
Yes
Terbuthylazine
5915-41-3
Herbicide
Yes
Tetradifon
116-29-0
Insecticide
Yes
Thiabendazole
148-79-8
Fungicide
Yes
Thiodicarb
59669-26-0
Insecticide
Yes
2,4,5-TP
93-76-5
Herbicide
Yes
Thiometon
640-15-3
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Triadimefon
43121-43-3
Fungicide
Yes
Triazophos
24017-47-8
Organophosphorus pesticide
Yes
Triclopyr
55335-06-3
Herbicide
Yes
Trifluralin
75635-23-3
Herbicide
Yes
Vamidothion
2275-23-2
Insecticide
Yes
Vinclozolin
50471-44-8
Fungicide
Yes